16, 17, 16, 14: The number of participants in the 16+1 cooperation format, established in 2012 by the People’s Republic of China (PRC), changed a couple of times since 2019. Initially, it included 16 European countries in Central Eastern Europe and the Western Balkans. In April 2019, Greece joined the mechanism, while Lithuania exited it in May 2021, followed by Estonia and Latvia in August 2022. The withdrawal of the three Baltic countries highlights the crisis 16+1 faces right now, as more and more members question its raison d’etre. However, it is still too early to write an obituary.